A 4" Horseshoe Dynamometer Transducer is used to accurately measure the polished rod load and position.
A 4" OD horseshoe transducer is used to accurately measure the polished rod load and position.
The 4" horseshoe transducer is installed between the pumping unit carrier bar and the
permanent polished rod clamp. To install the 4" horseshoe transducer a temporary
polished rod clamp is positioned on the polished rod about 4 inches above the stuffing
box while the polished rod is at the bottom of the stroke. A temporary knock-off block
is located on the stuffing box as the polished rod with the temporarily installed clamp
is on the down stroke. Also on the down stroke, the motor is turned off. The momentum of
the system causes the polished rod to continue downward until the temporarily installed
polished rod clamp comes in contact with the knock-off assembly. The pumping unit brake
is set when the polished rod is at the bottom of the stroke. This causes the permanently
installed polished rod clamp that normally rests on the carrier bar to be several inches
above the carrier bar. The 4" O.D. transducer is 3" high, and it is positioned into the
free space between the carrier bar and the permanent polished rod clamp. The pumping unit
brake is released causing the load to be transferred from the knock-off block to the carrier
bar. Then the knock-off block is removed and the well is started again. Dynamometer tests
can be performed after the well has stabilized or as desired.
The 4" horseshoe transducer very accurately measures polished rod load using 12 strain
gauges which are mounted on three supporting members. Offloading or sideloading due to the carrier bar being tilted does not affect the accuracy of the load measurement.
The 4" horseshoe transducer also includes an accelerometer. Acceleration data is obtained
using the same cable through which load measurements are obtained. An external string box
or position transducer is not required since the small accelerometer is built into the 4"
horseshoe transducer. The accelerometer is a solid-state device and does not require routine
maintenance, as does the string type potentiometer. The acceleration data is integrated twice
in the software to determine polished rod position as load measurements are obtained.
The 4" horseshoe transducer will accurately measure polished rod load and position. This data
is processed by the Well Analyzer software to obtain a surface dynamometer card and pump card.
The loads and horsepower requirements of the surface dynamometer card and the pump card are
both shown in the software analysis. A traveling valve and standing valve test can be performed.
The standing valve test measures the polished rod load when the rods are supported by the liquid
in the tubing. A comparison of the measured load to the calculated buoyant rod weight is an
excellent check that the well's rod data are entered correctly. The traveling valve and standing
valve tests allow the calculation of pump intake pressure, pump leakage, traveling valve and
plunger performance and standing valve leakage performance. Gearbox loading is calculated by
software using the polished rod load and position data. The counterweight moment must be calculated
using the known properties of the cranks, counterweights and counterweight positions or the
counterweight moment can be determined by measurement of the counter balance effect using the
accurate 4" horseshoe transducer. Gearbox loadings and a permissible load diagram are calculated
The 4" horseshoe transducer was originally calibrated at Echometer Company's manufacturing
facility. The factory calibrated zero offset coefficient is C1. The span is recorded in C2.
C6 is the factory calibrated accelerometer sensitivity coefficient. C1 and C6 can be
recalibrated in the field using software instructions. This improves the accuracy of the
4" horseshoe transducer due to temperature changes and unintentional overloading of the
horseshoe transducer due to sticking rods, poor pumping unit brake operation or other
inadvertent shock loadings.